An extended viewpoint on reconstruction in the World Heritage context: towards new guidance

Khalaf, Roha W. (2018) An extended viewpoint on reconstruction in the World Heritage context: towards new guidance. ICOMOS University Forum, 1 . pp. 1-17. ISSN 2616-6968 [Article]

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Abstract (in English)

‘If a World Heritage property is destroyed and later reconstructed, could it still be recognized as World Heritage?’ was the topic of my abstract, selected for the workshop of the ICOMOS University Forum on Authenticity and Reconstructions. I had already published a paper to propose a potential solution to this question involving the creation of a new category of contemporary cultural heritage in concert with the qualifying conditions of continuity, compatibility and distinction. The current paper gradually develops the underlying ideas. I argue that a reconstructed property is a contemporary re-creation and should be assessed as such to determine if it could ‘still be recognized’ – i.e. if it qualifies – ‘as World Heritage’. For this reason, I examine in depth the qualifying conditions that I had briefly suggested. I explain that continuity could underpin authenticity while compatibility and distinction could underpin integrity. Indicators are identified for each qualifying condition to support ‘thoughtful decision-making’ and to preserve ‘the credibility of the brand’, which are key points raised at the workshop. Moreover, paragraphs 86 and 88 of the Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention are rephrased to highlight the implications of the central argument. As a consequence, an answer is provided not only to the question assigned to my discussion group, ‘where is authenticity now?’, but also to ‘where is integrity now?’ Finally, I address two issues discussed in my group, namely forgery and validity, to conclude my reflections. The ideas expressed here may encourage an international exchange of viewpoints towards developing new guidance.

Item Type: Article
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Khalaf, Roha W.UNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: cultural heritage; Conservation of cultural heritage; philosophy of conservation; theory of restoration; reconstruction; World Heritage; Qualifying condition; authenticity; Continuity; Compatibility; Distinction; Integrity
Subjects: A. THEORETICAL AND GENERAL ASPECTS > 09. Philosophy of conservation
A. THEORETICAL AND GENERAL ASPECTS > 12. Theory of restoration
N.ANTHROPOLOGY > 01. Generalities
P. GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 01. Americas
National Committee: ICOMOS
Volume: 1
ISSN: 2616-6968
Depositing User: Mrs Lucile Smirnov
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2018 15:48
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2018 08:40
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URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1853

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