Local Residents against Developers and Officials: a Case Study of Protection of Architectural Ensembles of Chesma Palace and Alexandrino Country Estate in Saint Petersburg (Russia)

Lavrentyev, Nikolay, Chernushev, Vladimir, Malysheva, Elena and Romanovskaya, Nataliya (2018) Local Residents against Developers and Officials: a Case Study of Protection of Architectural Ensembles of Chesma Palace and Alexandrino Country Estate in Saint Petersburg (Russia). In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

Since 2010-2012, residents of St. Petersburg supported by city-defending activists, experts and politicians have been fighting against construction works carried out in proximity to two protected architectural ensembles of the XVIII century, the Chesma Palace (1774-1777, architect J .I. Felten, 1831- 1836, architect A. E. Schtaubert) and the Aleksandrino Country Estate (1760s, architect J. B. Vallin de la Mothe). These objects are situated within the boundaries of Components №540-034а 'Moskovskaya road (highway)' and №540-034g 'Peterhofskaya Road (Highway)' of the World Heritage Site C540 'Historic Centre of St. Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments', respectively. By means of official addresses to governmental agencies, court actions, civil rallies, pickets etc, local residents together with the authors of these proceedings try to persuade the authorities and developers to drop their plans of building multistorey residence houses in proximity to the mentioned monuments. The construction in progress distorts protected views and panoramas and poses threat to physical safety of monuments. With consent of local officials and arguably via corruption schemes, developers try to undertake projects that contradict the law. A global problem is the reluctance of local officials to follow the requirements of Paragraph 172 of Operational Guidelines for Implementation of World Heritage Convention (hereinafter Operational Guidelines) and their refusal to evaluate constructing projects' impact on the outstanding universal value of the World Heritage Site. Since 1990, when St. Petersburg was recognized as a World Heritage Site, Paragraph 172 of Operational Guidelines has never been observed. The situation has gone so far that in 2016 the Russian President charged the Russian Ministries of Culture and of Foreign Affairs with a task to ensure that the Convention Concerning Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage and Operational Guidelines to be observed in Russia. However, local officials, namely the executive agencies of the Administration of St. Petersburg, stick to ignoring these norms of law.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Lavrentyev, NikolayUNSPECIFIED
Chernushev, VladimirUNSPECIFIED
Malysheva, ElenaUNSPECIFIED
Romanovskaya, NataliyaUNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: local communities; corruption; Community participation; equity; stakeholders; development projects; protection of historic monuments; architectural ensembles; civil society; real-estate pressure; threats; Operational guidelines; Heritage at risk; Russian Federation
Subjects: D.URBANISM > 02. Urban planning
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 11. Legal protection and Administration
L.PRESENTATION AND TRANSMISSION OF HERITAGE > 04. Public awareness
M.WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 04. World Heritage in Danger
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Historic Centre of St. Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments
UNESCO WHC Number: 540
National Committee: ICOMOS
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2018 13:47
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2018 10:49
References: Batorevich, N. (1998). The Chesma Palace. St.Petersburg, 1998. 155 p.

Gorbatenko, S. (2013). The Petergofskaya Road: A historical and architectural guide. St.Petersburg,

2013. P. 192-200.

Lavrentyev, N., Chernyshov, V., Malysheva, E., Romanovskaya, N. (2017). “The Problem of Protection

of Architectural Ensembles of the Chesma Palace and the Alexandrino Country Estate in St. Petersburg as

Parts of Components of the World Heritage Site”. Cultural heritage - a territory for dialogue, an

International Scientific Symposium of ICOMOS, Russia: conference abstracts. P. 28-29.

Starkova, L., Lavrentyev, N., Popov, I. (2017). “On Determination of Boundaries of Components of the

World Heritage Site as exemplified by the Alexandrino Country Estate in St. Petersburg”. Cultural

heritage - a territory for dialogue, an International Scientific Symposium of ICOMOS, Russia: conference

abstracts. P. 44-45.
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1928

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