World Heritage from the Perspective of Conflict

Chaudhuri, Jana (2018) World Heritage from the Perspective of Conflict. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

Conservation, preservation and restoration of cultural heritage are confronted with serious challenges due to conflict of interests among nations, between state and state actors, among regional entities within a single country and communities. The objective of the paper is to examine whether designation of World Heritage intensifies or mitigates conflicts and its role to build peace and reconciliation among different conflicting parties. In order to develop a framework the paper argues that conflict can be defined in terms of attitude of opposing parties towards cultural heritage, degree violence and destruction, and possibilities of reconciliation and resolution of conflicts and contradictions among various stakeholders. In a broader sense there are three conflict situations, firstly, when opponents try to deprive, control injure, destroy, or otherwise harm; second, when two or multiple parties try to maximize their interest and win over other(s) through competition; third, when stakeholders aim to convince or persuade each other of the rightness or correctness or attractiveness of one’s views or claims through debate and come to consensus through cooperation. Within the framework of three kinds of situations the paper tries to understand complexities of cultural heritage especially the World Heritage. The paper also attempts to highlight tools from within the World Heritage Convention and its operational guidelines from the process of nomination to actual designation and explore different kind of conflict situations.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Chaudhuri, JanaUNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: world heritage convention; conflicts of interest; cultural heritage; peace; reconciliation; conservation; preservation; SAARC; Heritage at risk
Subjects: E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 02. Theory and doctrinal texts
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
G.DETERIORATION > 02. Causes of deterioration
L.PRESENTATION AND TRANSMISSION OF HERITAGE > 04. Public awareness
M.WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 04. World Heritage in Danger
M.WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 06. Operational guidelines
National Committee: ICOMOS
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 19th General Assembly, New Delhi, 2017
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2018 15:36
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2018 15:36
References: Chapagain, Neel Kamal. (2013). Introduction: Contexts and concerns in Asian heritage management. In

Kapila D. Silva and Neel Kamal Chapagain, Ed., Asian Heritage Management – Contexts, concerns, and

prospects, 1st Edition. London and New York: Routledge, 1-29.

Pattanaik, Smruti S. (2002). Religion and Politics in Afghanistan: The Role of Taliban Regime. In K.

Warikoo, Ed., Bamiyan – Challenge to World Heritage, 1st Edition. New Delhi: Bhavana Books & Prints,

122-141.

Williams, Robin M. Jr. 1970. ‘Social Order and Social Conflict’, Proceedings of the American

Philosophical Society, Vol. 114, No. 3, 18 June, 217-25.
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1993

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