Panel 3 Paper 3.2: Nature, agriculture and ruralresilience: Interdependencies between naturalprotected areas and rural landscapes in Satoyama/Satoumi in Japan

Ishizawa, Maya (2019) Panel 3 Paper 3.2: Nature, agriculture and ruralresilience: Interdependencies between naturalprotected areas and rural landscapes in Satoyama/Satoumi in Japan. In: ICOMOS 2019 Advisory Committee Scientific Symposium - Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond, 17 October 2019, Marrakesh, Morocco. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

The Capacity Building Workshops on Nature-Culture Linkages in Heritage Conservation (CBWNCL), held at the University of Tsukuba in Japan, gather Asia-Pacific heritage professionals with the aim of creating a platform of mutual-learning and exchange between the culture and nature sectors. In the first workshop on Agricultural Landscapes, from 14 case studies, 5 showed natural protected areas in tense relations with their rural landscape surroundings. However, these agricultural landscapes are essential for protecting natural values, as they form part of their larger ecosystems. In the second workshop on Sacred Landscapes, from 16 case studies, 5 case studies were also agricultural landscapes, and 8 case studies featured natural protected areas which embody spiritual values for their surrounding rural communities. In the third workshop on Disasters and Resilience, from 15 case studies, 7 presented the struggles faced by rural communities in the conservation of their natural environment and their cultural practices in a context of increasing disasters. By looking at the Japanese experience, we learned from the concepts of Satoyama and Satoumi, that the protection of nature can be interlinked with the maintenance of agricultural landscapes, that the continuity of spiritual practices is essential for identity and community cohesion, and that the maintenance of cultural practices represent community’s strength for post-disaster recovery. These lessons demonstrated that resilience lies in people and their community networks -beyond human, and underpinned on their natural and cultural heritage (both tangible and intangible)-, and that the stronger these networks are, and the more autonomy and decision-making power is recognized at local level, the higher level of resilience a landscape would show. This finding, however, raises concern, as these landscapes are facing pressures not only from urban development, but mostly from depopulation due to migration and ageing communities, processes that are eroding these networks and consequently, rural landscape resilience.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Ishizawa, MayaUNSPECIFIED
Languages: English, French
Keywords: Cultural Landscapes; Rural Heritage; intangible heritage; customs and traditions; rituals; conservation of natural heritage; paesants; cultural identity; resilience; post-disaster situation; participative management; local level; local communities; social and economic aspects; case studies; culture nature integration; protected areas; agricultural landscapes; water landscapes; legal framework; national parks; Japan
Subjects: Q. LANDSCAPES > 06. Agricultural Landscapes
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 06. Cultural Landscapes
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 07. Management
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 08. Monitoring
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 11. Legal protection and Administration
G.DETERIORATION > 03. Climate change
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 02. Agricultural heritage
P. GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 04. Asia and Pacific islands
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Satoyama/Satoumi, Japan
National Committee: ICOMOS
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: ICOMOS 2019 Advisory Committee Scientific Symposium
Depositing User: Mrs Lucile Smirnov
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2019 12:41
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2019 12:41
References: Ishizawa, Maya (2018). “Cultural Landscapes Link to Nature. Learning from Satoyama and Satoumi”, Built Heritage Vol. 2 No 4, Special Issue, 7-19.



Ishizawa, Maya, Inaba, Nobuko and Yoshida, Masahito, eds. (2018). “Proceedings of the Second Capacity Building Workshop on Nature-Culture Linkages in Heritage Conservation in Asia and the Pacific 2017, September 15-26, 2017, Tsukuba, Japan. Sacred Landscapes”, Journal of World Heritage Studies, University of Tsukuba, Special Issue 2018.



Ishizawa, Maya, Inaba, Nobuko and Yoshida, Masahito, eds. (2017). “Proceedings of the First Capacity Building Workshop on Nature-Culture Linkages in Heritage Conservation in Asia and the Pacific 2016, September 18-30, 2016, Tsukuba, Japan. Agricultural Landscapes”, Journal of World Heritage Studies, University of Tsukuba, Special Issue 2017.



Ishizawa, Maya, Inaba, Nobuko and Yoshida, Masahito (2017). “Building Capacities in Asia and the Pacific. The experience of the UNESCO Chair on Nature-Culture Linkages in Heritage Conservation at the University of Tsukuba, Japan”, George Wright Forum, Vol 34, No 2, 154-167.
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/2234

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