Incorporating Local Knowledge into Vulnerability Assessments for Cultural Landscapes: Case Studies from the Pacific West Region, National Park Service

Johnson, Christopher E. and Germano, Vida (2019) Incorporating Local Knowledge into Vulnerability Assessments for Cultural Landscapes: Case Studies from the Pacific West Region, National Park Service. In: 2018 US/ICOMOS Symposium "Forward Together: A Culture-Nature Journey Towards More Effective Conservation in a Changing World", November 13-14, 2018, San Francisco, California. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

PART 3. ENHANCING RESILIENCE, ADAPTATION AND SUSTAINABILITY - Building Resilience Through a Deeper Understanding of Culture and Nature /// Cultural landscapes are complex systems of natural and cultural resources that are affected by changes in climatic and non-climatic factors. The National Park Service, Pacific West Region, has developed a vulnerability assessment model for identifying, evaluating, and responding to the effects of climate change to cultural landscapes by utilizing peer-reviewed data and local knowledge to inform management strategies that can reduce the vulnerability of cultural landscapes to deterioration and loss. Key to developing site-specific adaption plans is a vulnerability assessment based on analysis of the significance, exposure, and sensitivity of landscape characteristics and features, and identification of the management capacity to reduce the sensitivity of the cultural landscape to change. The resulting assessment compares the level of projected vulnerability of the landscape as a whole and of each characteristic or feature under evaluation, and the identification of methods for minimizing the sensitivity of the cultural landscape to climate change. This paper provides an overview of the vulnerability assessment model through case studies from the State of Washington, the Territory of Guam, and Tinian, Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Johnson, Christopher E.UNSPECIFIED
Germano, VidaUNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: cultural landscapes; climate change; impact assessment; cultural administrations; methodology; vulnerability assessment; case studies; USA
Subjects: E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 07. Management
G.DETERIORATION > 03. Climate change
G.DETERIORATION > 04. Effects of deterioration
G.DETERIORATION > 05. Prevention of deterioration
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 05. Heritage and sustainable development
Name of monument, town, site, museum: State of Washington, USA; Territory of Guam, and Tinian, Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands
National Committee: USA
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2018 US/ICOMOS Symposium
Depositing User: Mrs Lucile Smirnov
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2020 15:32
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2020 15:32
References: Füssel, Hans-Martin, and Richard J.T. Klein. “Climate Change Vulnerability Assessments: An Evolution of Conceptual Thinking,” Climatic Change 75 (2006): 301-329.



Melnick, Robert Z., Noah P. Kerr, Veronica Malinay, and Olivia Burry-Trice. Climate Change and Cultural Landscapes: A Guide to Research, Planning, and Stewardship. Eugene: Cultural Landscape Research Group, University of Oregon, 2017.



Melnick, Robert Z., Veronica Malinay, Noah P. Kerr, and Alison Lewis. Study of Climate Change Impacts on Cultural Landscapes in the Pacific West Region, National Park Service. Eugene: Cultural Landscape Research Group, University of Oregon, 2016.



National Park Service. Management Policies 2006. US Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 2006.



Rockman, Marcy, Marissa Morgan, Sonya Ziaja, George Hambrecht, and Alison Meadow. Cultural Resources Climate Change Strategy. Washington DC: Cultural Resources, Partnerships, and Science and Climate Change Response Program, National Park Service, 2016.
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/2309

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