Impact of urbanization on ancient gardenscape of Lahore and the World Monument of Shalamar Garden (Pakistan)

Mughal, Mohammad Rafique (2005) Impact of urbanization on ancient gardenscape of Lahore and the World Monument of Shalamar Garden (Pakistan). In: 15th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Monuments and sites in their setting - conserving cultural heritage in changing townscapes and landscapes’, 17 – 21 oct 2005, Xi'an, China. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

The South Asian Subcontinent inherited a long Central Asian tradition of garden layout in a geographical setting and environmental modification based on a unique “char bagh”concept of paradise on earth. The Mughal dynasty founded in Pakistan and northern India in early 16th century AC, created a number of elaborate and beautiful walled gardens that were marvels of hydraulic system, symmetrical and balance of buildings, alignment of elaborate canal system, fountains and pavilions. Shalamar Garden in Lahore, recognized as the World Heritage of universal value, is the largest of all the surviving gardens, is under serious threat due to rapid urban growth and disregard for preservation of gardens and their original settings by the town planners. The paper to be presented at the Scientific Symposium will highlight the extent of destruction of ancient gardens both within and around the historic city of Lahore known as the “Garden City” until the early 20th century. Drastic changes in the gardenscape of Lahore and consequent loss of originality and historicity of the settings, have posed a serious challenge to the heritage mangers and conservators. These issues are being addressed in cooperation with various agencies involved in planning and development

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Mughal, Mohammad RafiqueUNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: World Heritage property; historic gardens; garden lay out; deterioration; setting; urban growth; management
Subjects: H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 10. Historic gardens
M.WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 03. World Heritage List
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 07. Management
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 05. Sites
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore, Pakistan
UNESCO WHC Number: 171
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2005, 15th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2010 17:25
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:14
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/336

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