The evolving concept of universal values in cultural landscapes: From the Athens and Venice Charters to the 2004 combined World Heritage Criteria

O’Donnell, Patricia M. (2005) The evolving concept of universal values in cultural landscapes: From the Athens and Venice Charters to the 2004 combined World Heritage Criteria. In: 15th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Monuments and sites in their setting - conserving cultural heritage in changing townscapes and landscapes’, 17 – 21 oct 2005, Xi'an, China. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

The Athens Charter of 1931 set forth the first statements on the aesthetics of the surrounding areas of ancient monuments by calling for care in the development of constructions near than citing that “surroundings should be given special consideration”. Settings were to be preserved with picturesque intent avoiding power poles, signs, and other competing elements to preserve the “ancient character” of the monuments. The Venice Charter, 1964, indicates at the outset the importance of defining and preserving not only the monument but the urban or rural setting around it as an expression of the culture. In both of these international charters setting is defined as important but clearly as secondary to the designated historic monument. The ICOMOS-IFLA International Committee for Historic Gardens framed the Florence Charter on 21 May 1981 as an addendum to the Venice Charter addressing the value of historic gardens as monuments in and of themselves.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
O’Donnell, Patricia M.UNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: cultural landscapes; settings; Charters; World Heritage Convention; Operational Guidelines; criteria; universal values
Subjects: H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 10. Historic gardens
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 02. Theory and doctrinal texts
M.WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 06. Operational guidelines
M.WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 05. Criteria
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 06. Cultural landscapes
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2005, 15th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2010 06:41
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:14
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/338

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