Examination of the effect of building construction policies on the conservation of vernacular building techniques: Policies adopted after World War II in Japan

Fukushima, Ayako (2012) Examination of the effect of building construction policies on the conservation of vernacular building techniques: Policies adopted after World War II in Japan. In: ICOMOS 17th General Assembly, 2011-11-27 / 2011-12-02, Paris, France. [Conference or Workshop Item]

Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (1MB)

Abstract (in English)

Vernacular building techniques and system for timber-framed residential buildings practiced before WWII in various regions in Japan were induced to disappear due to government policies adopted since the 1950s. This is because government policies on building construction aimed to standardize construction techniques and system all over Japan regardless of different climate characteristics and diversity in custom and did not have a room for vernacular buildings techniques and system to be practiced. The government policies need to be redefined so as to give the local stakeholders back the right to define policy and make decisions by themselves based on their own reassessment of the values of the vernacular building techniques and system.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Fukushima, Ayako
Languages: English
Keywords: reconstruction; world war II; vernacular architecture; building techniques; traditional techniques; timber-framed architecture; conservation; governmental departments; policy; Japan
Subjects: A. THEORETICAL AND GENERAL ASPECTS > 06. History of architecture
A. THEORETICAL AND GENERAL ASPECTS > 07. History of conservation
C.ARCHITECTURE > 02. Building typologies
C.ARCHITECTURE > 05. Building techniques
D.URBANISM > 03. Town and country planning
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 26. Habitations urbaines
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 27. Vernacular architecture
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 05. Heritage and sustainable development
K.LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES > 03. National/Regional legislations
O.INTANGIBLE HERITAGE > 05. Traditional craftsmanship
P. GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 04. Asia and Pacific islands
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2011, 17th
Depositing User: Mrs Lucile Smirnov
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2012 14:06
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2012 14:06
References: Amami Guntou Juutaku Chousa Dan (Amami Islands Housing Research Team) 1960. Amami Guntou Juutaku Kaizen Chousa Kenkyu Houkoku [Report on Research of Housing Improvement in Amami Islands]. Kagoshima: Amami Guntou Juutaku Chousa Dan.

Fujisawa, Yoshikazu. 1986. “Shusi Setsumei (Chiiki no Juutaku Seisan Sisutemu)(Kenchiku Keizai Bumon Kenkyu Kyougi Kai)” [Explanation of the purposes (vernacular residential building system).] Journal of Architecture and Building Science 101(1248), 137-138.

Matsumura, Shuichi. 1999. Juutaku to iu Kangaekata: nijusseiki teki juutaku no keifu [20th century concepts of house-building.] Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press.

Ministry of Finance. 2001. The Government Housing Loan Corporation. FILP Report 2001 Extension Volume Policy Cost Analysis of FILP Projects FY2001. Internet. Available from http://www.mof.go.jp/english/filp/filp_report/zaito2001e-exv/01.pdf; accessed 6 October 2011.

Miyazawa, Satoshi. 1996. Amami Oshima Kasari Cho no Minka Chousa Houkoku [Report on Research of Private Residences in Kasari Town, Amami Ohshima.] Tokyo: The Japan National Trust for Cultural and Natural Heritage Conservation.

Nomura, Takafumi. 1976. Nansei Shotou no Minka [Residential Buildings in Southwestern Islands] Rev. ed. Tokyo: Sagami Shobou.

Ohshima Sicho (Kagoshima Ohshima Subprefectural Office). 1975-2001. Amami Gunto no Gaikyo [Outline of Amami Islands].Nase: Kagoshima ken Ohshima Shicho.

Onda, Morio. 2006. Gojo Shakai Ron: Yui, Moyai, Tetsudai no Minzoku Shakai Gaku [Mutural Help Networks in Japan: Ethnosociological study on Yui, Moyai and Tetsudai]. Kyoto: Sekaishisosha.

Shin, Ogyun., Mamoru Tohiguchi, and Seiyu Hashimoto. 1996. “Jiba Gata Juutaku Kensetsu to Kyojuuchi Kanri ni kansuru kenkyu: Tsushima Kamiagata Chou no Shuuraku Keitai, Hirabashira zukuri Juukyo.” [A Study on the regional housing and the control of human settlement: Survey on village from and Hirabashira-zukuri house in Kamiagata of Tsushima Island.] Journal of architecture,planning and environmental engineering 489, 179-186.

Suda, Shojiro. 1984. “Tousho no Kenchiku Seisan ni kansuru kenkyu: Okino-Erabu Jima (Kenchiku Seisan).”[Study on building system in islands: Okino-Erabu Island (Building system).] Kenkyu Houkoku Shu: Keikaku Kei 54, 405-408.

Tatsugo Chou Shi Rekishi Hen Hensan Iinkai (Committee for Editing Tatsugo Town History). 1988. Tatsugo Chou Shi [History of Tatsugo Town.] Kagoshima: Tatsugo Cho.

Torigoe, Hiroyuki. 1985. Ie to Mura no Shakai Gaku (Sociology on Household and Village) Kyoto: Sekaishisosha.

Tsubota, Shinsuke., Yuji Katsuki and Shiro Sasano. 2007. “Mokuzou Juutaku Heimenzushu oyobi sono kaiteiban ni miru Juutaku Kinyu Kouko no Juutaku Zou” [The Housing Idea for Commons presented by the Housing Loan Corporation through collections of drawings of the Wooden Standard House.] Journal of Achitecture and Planning 617, 151-157.

Tsubota, Shinsuke. 2009. “Juutaku Kinyu Kouko Sakusei no Mokuzou Juutaku nikansuru Kensetsu Kijun to sono Kaisei Joukyou” [Standard Specifications and their transition for timber-framed residential buildings prepared by Government Housing Loan Corporation.] Kenkyu Houkoku Shu II, Kenchiku Keikaku, Toshi Kikaku, Nouson Keikaku, Kenchiku Keizai, Kenchiku Rekishi, Ishou [Proceeding of the architectural research meetings: architectural planning and design, urban planning, rural planning, building economics, history and theory of architecture.] 79, 325-328.
URI: https://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1173

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item



Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics