Heritage, driver for development and the case of the rice terraces of the Philippine cordilleras

Mananghaya, Joycelyn B. (2011) Heritage, driver for development and the case of the rice terraces of the Philippine cordilleras. In: ICOMOS 17th General Assembly, 2011-11-27 / 2011-12-02, Paris, France. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

The paradigm that heritage could be a driver for development is still being understood in many heritage properties. Some World Heritage properties became economically developed after inscription in the World Heritage List while in others, economic benefits have yet to be realized. In the case of the Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras, development in the property after its international recognition has yet to be appreciated. Prior to inscription, there was high valorization of the property at the national and local level while World Heritage inscription of this cultural landscape has resulted to an increased awareness of its significance as an important heritage of humanity. While development is presently seen in the encroachment of areas in some parts of the property which before were purely used for rice agriculture, irregular development is similarly felt in the form of unregulated infrastructure in some areas within and outside the property. The high significance of the rice terraces, apart from its being a living cultural landscape, impels an envisioned type of development that allows for the conservation of both its cultural and natural values yet allowing natural evolutionary processes to continue including the setting in of economic benefits. The idea of sustainable development comes to mind, but this has yet to be defined. The questions are: What is sustainable development in the rice terraces? If there are models to be emulated, what models of sustainable economic development are apt for the Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras? Is sustainable development possible in a property where majority of its people understand and relates development with economic progress and infrastructure development? Is it possible in a place where priority of the living communities is to earn a living and to ensure that the basic needs are met first and foremost? Therefore, this paper attempts to understand the issue of sustainable development in the Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras World Heritage property.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Mananghaya, Joycelyn B.
Languages: English
Keywords: public awareness; world heritage list; economic development; economic aspects; case studies; sustainability; sustainable development; restoration; rice terraces; demographic surveys; industrial development; asia; philippines; cultural significance; agriculture; agricultural landscapes
Subjects: H. HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 02. Agricultural heritage
H. HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 06. Cultural landscapes
J. HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 03. Economic values of heritage
J. HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 05. Heritage and sustainable development
M. WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 03. World Heritage List
P. GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 04. Asia and Pacific islands
UNESCO WHC Number: Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras, Philippines (WHC 722)
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2011, 17th
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2012 21:06
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2012 21:06
URI: https://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1309

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