Incorporating Nature and Culture into the Daily Management of Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument

Bernbaum, Edwin and Verschuuren, Bas (2019) Incorporating Nature and Culture into the Daily Management of Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. In: 2018 US/ICOMOS Symposium "Forward Together: A Culture-Nature Journey Towards More Effective Conservation in a Changing World", November 13-14, 2018, San Francisco, California. [Conference or Workshop Item]


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Abstract (in English)

PART 2. RECOGNIZING INTANGIBLE HERITAGE AND DIVERSE PERSPECTIVES - Intangible Heritage as a Driver of Cultural Landscape Management and Holistic Conservation /// Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (PMNM) is one of the world’s largest marine protected areas at 1,508,870 square kilometers. Inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2010 for its outstanding natural and cultural significance, PMNM is a place of deep cosmological significance to Kānaka Maoli (Native Hawaiians) with a revered kinship connection. The laws that established PMNM as well as the current management practices emphasize the integration of Western and Native Hawaiian values and practices. This framework provides opportunities for cultural perspectives to be integrated into all management decisions. Foundational elements of integration include formal co-management agreements for governance, and structured opportunities for Native Hawaiian community involvement. PMNM is cooperatively managed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), the State of Hawaiʻi, and the Office of Hawaiian Affairs (OHA). Although OHA has acted as a co-manager since PMNM’s inception, a crucial milestone was a 2017 Memorandum of Agreement, which elevated OHA to Co-Trustee status. Building upon these foundational elements, co-managers have developed practices and conventions that enable integration of diverse management perspectives. These integrative approaches are groundbreaking and may have global relevance, as similar models are rare elsewhere.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Bernbaum, Edwin
Verschuuren, Bas
Languages: English
Keywords: world heritage sites; world heritage; marine heritage; indigenous people; management; protected areas; social and economic aspects; traditional practices; guidelines; local communities; values; community-based management; know-how; Hawaii; cultural administrations; governance; collaboration; USA
Subjects: E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 06. Cultural Landscapes
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 06. Cultural landscapes
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 19. Natural sites
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 28. World Heritage
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 05. Heritage and sustainable development
M.WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 02. World Cultural and Natural Heritage
N.ANTHROPOLOGY > 03. Ethnology
O.INTANGIBLE HERITAGE > 06. Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Papahānaumokuākea, USA
UNESCO WHC Number: 1326
National Committee: United States of America
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2018 US/ICOMOS Symposium
Depositing User: ICOMOS DocCentre
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2020 15:49
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2020 08:54
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