La protection du site d’Angkor, mécanismes de gestion et lutte contre le pillage

Clement, Etienne (2003) La protection du site d’Angkor, mécanismes de gestion et lutte contre le pillage. Cahiers de l'Urbanisme (47). pp. 70-76. ISSN 978-2-87009-867-7 [Article]

La protection du site d'Angkor, mecanismes de gestion et... Etienne Clement, cahiers de l'urbanisme 2003.pdf

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Abstract (in English)

The article was written in 2003. Angkor is one of the main archaeological sites of South-East Asia. Stretching over some 400 square kilometers, including some forested areas, it contains the vestiges of the various capitals of the Khmer Empire that flourished between the 11th and 15th centuries. Although the site was put simultaneously on the World Heritage List and List of World Heritage Sites in Danger in 1992, it was still on UNESCO's list of endangered sites when the article was written in 2003. Whilst the temples have suf­fered from the fighting over the past twenty years (during the Pol Pot and Khmer Rouge regime (1975-79)) less than was feared, sys­tematic looting of the site started very recently. The author, who represents UNESCO in Cambo­dia, presents the international community's efforts to safeguard the site. These efforts have taken two directions, namely, the creation of a management system for this vast site and measures to combat the looting. He describes the institutional and management mechanisms that have been adopted, i.e., the ICC or International Coordinating Committee for the Safeguarding and Development of the Historic Site of Angkor, with its Technical Committee and Ad Hoc Experts Group; APSARA (the Authority for the Protection and Management of Angkor and the Region of Siem Reap); and UNESCO's role. He relates the International Council of Museums'(ICOM) efforts to get all its members to comply with its ethical rules forbidding museums to acquire objects stolen from other countries' national collections. At the date of the publication of this article, all of these measures were starting to bear fruit. On the legal front, Cambodia, which has had avant-garde national laws since 1996, has been involved since 2001 in preparing the imple­menting orders that will give it a complete legal arsenal to protect such national treasures. The development of tourism is a new challenge. The site's management mechanisms are gradually allowing for this important dimension, which requires solutions scaled to both the magnitude of the site and the financial and human resources that are available.

Item Type: Article
Clement, Etienne
Languages: French
Keywords: Angkor; Cambodia; World Heritage site; site management; ICC Angkor; illicit traffic
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 11. Legal protection and Administration
K.LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES > 02. International legislation
K.LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES > 03. National/Regional legislations
K.LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES > 05. International organizations
P. GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 04. Asia and Pacific islands
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Angkor, Cambodia
UNESCO WHC Number: 668
Number: 47
ISSN: 978-2-87009-867-7
Depositing User: Etienne CLEMENT
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2022 09:33
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2022 09:33

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