Polycentric and participatory governance in cultural tourism for community resilience

Martínez Yáñez, Celia, Smith-Christensen, Cecilie, Maingi, Shem, Fonseca, Sofía, Zhang, Rouran and Bhattacharya, Ananya (2023) Polycentric and participatory governance in cultural tourism for community resilience. In: ICOMOS Scientific Symposium 2021 - Living heritage and climate change, 9-10 November 2021, online. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

ICOMOS calls for people-centred approaches to cultural heritage, considering cultural, environmental, and socio-economic concerns when local, national, and international heritage policies and practices are developed (ICOMOS, 2020). The workshop, organised on November 10, 2021, as part of the 2021 ICOMOS Scientific Symposium, considered how communities and stakeholders could strengthen resilience and adaptive capacities through inclusive governance of cultural heritage and tourism. In contrast to hierarchical and centralised governance, where stakeholder involvement in decision-making processes may be limited, polycentric or decentralised governance implies a more radical inclusion. As a central aspect of a commons-oriented approach to the management of shared resources (Ostrom, 1999; Ostrom, 2010, 2014), it sets out a complex form of governance with multiple centres of semi-autonomous decision-makers in cooperative and competitive relationships, resorting to conflict resolution mechanisms when necessary. The heritage domain can offer many examples of participatory and polycentric governance set out through customary practices and living traditions, as well as more contemporary and innovative approaches. Deliberate designs for self-organisation, such as charters, help bring diversity into shared purpose and values as peers align and groups self-constitute in efforts to deal with the challenges. To demonstrate this, the ICOMOS International Charter for Cultural Heritage Tourism: Reinforcing Cultural Heritage Protection and Community Resilience through Responsible and Sustainable Tourism Management adopted by ICOMOS General Assembly (GA) in 2022 was referenced throughout the workshop and in this paper.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Martínez Yáñez, Celia
Smith-Christensen, Cecilie
Maingi, Shem
Fonseca, Sofía
Zhang, Rouran
Bhattacharya, Ananya
Languages: English
Keywords: cultural tourism; community participation; resilience; management; governance; development policy; charters
Subjects: E. CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 07. Management
E. CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
I. CULTURAL TOURISM > 02. Tourism management
I. CULTURAL TOURISM > 04. Sustainable tourism
National Committee: ICOMOS International
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2021 Advisory Committee Scientific Symposium
Depositing User: ICOMOS DocCentre
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2023 09:00
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2023 09:56
URI: https://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/2937

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