Archaeology and urban planning: Using the past in design for the future

Allen, Caitlin (2005) Archaeology and urban planning: Using the past in design for the future. In: 15th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Monuments and sites in their setting - conserving cultural heritage in changing townscapes and landscapes’, 17 – 21 oct 2005, Xi'an, China. [Conference or Workshop Item]


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Abstract (in English)

The archaeological remnants that exist beneath modern cities were once connected to one another in living networks. Often however, our access to significant archaeological remains is confined to windows of opportunity on single sites, divorced from their historic context. While these sites tell interesting stories in themselves, it is sometimes difficult to connect them conceptually or physically to one another, or to envisage the urban or rural landscapes in which they once existed. Regional and local planning policy can unwittingly further obscure or destroy these site specific contexts. It can also obscure evidence of broader historic urban planning principles that are still evident (archaeologically or otherwise) in street grids, views, setbacks, open space and density of development. This paper explores opportunities for achieving recognition and conservation of important archaeological site networks on a landscape basis at a city-wide and neighbourhood-wide scale. It will explore planning tools and interpretive and architectural design techniques that can be used as individual sites are developed, to progressively build an understanding/interpretation of the historic development of our urban centres on a landscape basis. This will be done using Australian examples including: one of the unsuccessful designs for the Sydney Olympic Village; the changing street grids of the penal settlement of Port Macquarie in regional NSW; an Archaeological Landscape Management Strategy (ALMS) prepared for Parramatta in Sydney’s west; and the development of a large new justice precinct in Parramatta on the basis of the results of the ALMS.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Allen, Caitlin
Languages: English
Keywords: archaeological heritage; archaeological sites; urban archaeological sites; town planning; conservation; interpretation; archaeological landscape; urban renewal
Subjects: D.URBANISM > 02. Urban planning
B. ARCHAEOLOGY > 06. Urban archaeological site
B. ARCHAEOLOGY > 02. Archaeological site and remains
Name of monument, town, site, museum: The Sydney Olympic Village, Australia; Port Macquarie, NSW, Australia; Parramatta, Australia
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2005, 15th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2010 17:50
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:14
References: 1.Cohen, Nahoum, Urban Conservation, The MIT Press, Massachusetts, 1999.

2.Godden Mackay Logan, Parramatta Historical Archaeological Landscape Management Study, unpublished consultancy report for the NSW Heritage Office, 2000 NSW Department of Public Works and Services, Archaeological Interpretation Strategy for Port Macquarie Town Centre, unpublished consultancy report for Hastings Council, 1999.

3.Simpson, Roderick, “Respecting the Layers”, Historic Environment (in press), 2005.

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