Conservation of traditional Alpine architecture: Case study of Trentino (part 1)

Frattari, Antonio (2002) Conservation of traditional Alpine architecture: Case study of Trentino (part 1). In: Estrategias relativas al patrimonio cultural mundial. La salvaguarda en un mundo globalizado. Principios, practicas y perspectivas. 13th ICOMOS General Assembly and Scientific Symposium. Actas. Comité Nacional Español de Icomos, Madrid, pp. 21-24. [Book Section]


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Abstract (in English)

Trentino’s traditional architecture consists of residential buildings, productive buildings (for example water-mills, timber-mills, etc…) and service buildings for agricultural, stock and forest activities. They are in a territory having three different heights: the bottom of the valley (up to 800 metres), the medium height (800-1400 metres), and the high altitude (over 1400 metres), corresponding with a different human presence in different times of the year and also with different functions. Buildings for permanent residence and production are for the most part in the bottom of the valley or at medium height, where people presence is constant during the whole year. Buildings for service activities (agriculture, stock-rearing, wood utilisation) are used during all the year, if they are in the valley and in the medium strip. If they are in the high zones, they are used as deposit, shed and mountain dairy just in the beautiful season, not more than six months a year. Buildings in the bottom of the valley and of the medium height are related with territory according to three different aggregative models: punctiform, linear and compact . The fist model, characteristic of north-Europe, is usually formed by a limited number of buildings scattered on the territory, having mainly a multifunctional destination. The second model, typical of the italic settlement typology, consist of italic houses aggregated in a line or in a courtyard. The third settlement typology, the compact one, is obtained by joining court buildings. In this way, the inside open spaces permitted best open-air working conditions, even in the bad season, and had the function of thermic fly-wheel in the energetic balance of the building.

Item Type: Book Section
Frattari, Antonio
Languages: English
Keywords: Alpine architecture; traditional architecture; vernacular architecture; building typology; building techniques; building materials; wooden architecture; timber-framed architecture; rehabilitation; conservation
Subjects: C.ARCHITECTURE > 05. Building techniques
C.ARCHITECTURE > 02. Building typologies
C.ARCHITECTURE > 04. Building materials
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 27. Vernacular architecture
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Trentino, Italy
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2002, 13th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2010 15:55
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:16

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