Measurements and indicators of heritage as development

Rypkema, Donovan and Cheong, Caroline (2011) Measurements and indicators of heritage as development. In: ICOMOS 17th General Assembly, 2011-11-27 / 2011-12-02, Paris, France. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

Heritage is increasingly defined as an economic development tool. However, in order to conclusively gauge heritage-related economic impacts, measurements, tools and methodologies must be implemented and evaluated. This paper provides a survey of recent methodological approaches for measuring the economics of heritage as development. Examples of evaluative approaches from academia, practitioners and international institutions are included.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Rypkema, Donovan
Cheong, Caroline
Languages: English
Keywords: cultural tourism; tourism; heritage; economic development; impact; revitalization; town centres; social aspects; evaluations; surveys; environmental impact; methodology; measurements; indicators; social and economic aspects; revitalization; heritage impact; employment
Subjects: I. CULTURAL TOURISM > 05. Tourism impact
J. HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 02. Economic impact of heritage
J. HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 03. Economic values of heritage
J. HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 04. Methodologies of evaluation
J. HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 05. Heritage and sustainable development
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2011, 17th
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2012 10:56
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2012 10:56
References: 1


3 The Delaware Historic Preservation Tax Credit Program: Good for the Economy, Good for the Environment, Good for Delaware’s Future (2010). Prepared by PlaceEconomics for the Delaware Division of Historical and Cultural Affairs. http://


4 McCormick, Rosemary. 2010. Cultural & Heritage Traveler Study. Shop American Alliance.


5 Moseley, Jennifer, Sturgis, Lindsey and Wheeler, Melissa. 2007. Improving Domestic Tourism in Namibia. Worcester Polytechnic Institute.

6 Economic Impacts of Historic Preservation in Oklahoma (2008). Prepared by the Center for Urban Policy Research at the Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey for Preservation Oklahoma.

7 Drivers Jonas. 2005. Heritage Works: A Practical Guide to the Role of Historic Buildings in Regeneration. London: Drivers Jonas Deloitte.

8 The Economic Impact of Historic Preservation in Philadelphia (2010). Prepared by Econsult Corporation for the Preservation Alliance of Greater Philadelphia

9 Shipley, R., S. Utz, and M. Parsons. Does Adaptive Reuse Pay? A Study of the Business of Building Renovation in Ontario, Canada. International Journal of Heritage Studies 12.6 (2006): 505-520.

10 Nor'Aini Yusof, Lim Yoke Mui, Lee Lik Meng and Tan Sook Fern. Urban Conservation as a Development Strategy to Revitalize Real Estate Market: An Analysis of Property Transactions in Georgetown Penang. Journal of Construction in Developing Countries, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2007

11 See especially Kate Clark and Gareth Maeer. The Cultural Value of Heritage: Evidence from the Heritage Lottery Fund. Cultural Trends 17.1 (2008).

12 The Abell Report: March 2009 – Heritage Tax Credits: Maryland's Own Stimulus to Renovate Buildings for Productive

Use and Create Jobs, an $8.53 Return on Every State Dollar Invested (2009) Prepared by Lipman Frizzell & Mitchell and

Northeast-Midwest Institute for the Abell Foundation.

13 Embodied energy is the sum of the energy consumed by extracting raw materials, processing those materials into

a finished product, transporting them to the building site, and installing the building components into a structure.

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