Colonial heritage against local heritage: a duel between the State and the local population in the lower valley of the river Senegal?

Sow, Abdoul (2018) Colonial heritage against local heritage: a duel between the State and the local population in the lower valley of the river Senegal? In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

Following independence in 1960, Senegal pursued a policy of administrative and financial centralisation for the management of the heritage as for other aspects of development. Subsequently, between 1972 and 2014, three territorial reforms of the State were directed at decentralisation. In relation to heritage, certain skills have been transferred to the local level, leading to a sharing between the State and local authorities. Thus discussions and decisions of State and local actors on the subject of heritage do not inevitably converge. If the State follows trends in heritage protection advocated by international institutions such as UNESCO oriented towards tangible heritage erected during the colonial period, local inhabitants look rather towards another type of heritage, less considered and often relegated to the rank of folklore, that of intangible cultural heritage. As a result of this duality of centres of interest and perceptions, it is necessary to analyse the consequences. How do they relate to the ancient trading posts and colonial towns, to vernacular architecture and to the secular traditions of local communities in the lower valley of the river Senegal running from Saint-Louis to Podor? Does heritage play a part in the socio-economic transformations and development perspectives of these areas? What are the benefits and economic consequences for local populations of an eventual stake in responsible and sustainable tourism for their heritage?

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Sow, Abdoul
Languages: French
Keywords: heritage; decentralisation; local; community; tourism; Senegal; development; intangible; tangible; tradition; sustainable
Subjects: E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 02. Economic impact of heritage
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 05. Heritage and sustainable development
O.INTANGIBLE HERITAGE > 02. Oral traditions and expressions (including language)
National Committee: ICOMOS International
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 19th General Assembly, New Delhi, 2017
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2018 17:26
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2023 16:18
References: BARRY Boubacar, Le royaume du Waalo. Le Sénégal avant la conquête, Editions Karthala, Paris, 2014,


ère édition Maspero, 1972

SOW Abdoul, « Senegal, a country in search of its gastronomic heritage », in Proceedings of the

International Conference on Chinese Food Culture Series and Centre Centre for Environment and

Population Heath, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, October 2017.

SOW Abdoul, « Saint-Louis, Senegal : from heritage to tourism. Compromised local development ? », in

Methaodos Revista de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, mai 2017, pp. 84-99

SOW Abdoul, (co-auteur), « Habitar la ciudad ajena », para su publicación en la Revista Ciudades, n°

113, enero – marzo de 2017, de la Red Nacional de Investigación Urbana, Puebla, México, pp. 42-46

SOW Abdoul, (co-auteur), « Le développement durable à travers les savoirs traditionnels : la survivance

des métiers traditionnels dans la vallée du fleuve Sénégal face aux paradoxes de la société », in Actes du

Symposium Patrimoine et Paysages en tant que valeurs humaines, Tome 3,9-14 novembre 2014, Florence,

Italie, Napoli, Icomos, Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, 2015, pp. 347-352.

SOW Abdoul, « Enjeux patrimoniaux au Sénégal : des discours sur les ambiguïtés du legs colonial au

concept d’une ville francophone en partage » in Villes en Développement : politiques de restauration et de

valorisation des paysages urbains historiques en Afrique et dans l’espace francophone. Enjeux d’un

réseau francophone du patrimoine, de l’architecture et de l’urbanisme, Actes de la Conférence

Internationale (Dakar, 7-9 juillet 2014 », Délégation Wallonie-Bruxelles, Editions Unesco, pp. 64-67

SOW Abdoul, « Saint-Louis du Sénégal : l’île ou la ville ? », Actes du Symposium Scientifique de

SOW Abdoul, L’île de Saint-Louis du Sénégal, formes spatiales et formes sociales : destinées d’une ville,

Thèse de Doctorat en Aménagement de l’Espace, Urbanisme, Université Paris Ouest – Nanterre La

Défense, 2008

SY Demba Alassane, SILVESTRE Eric, L’Escale de Podor, de 1744 à nos jours, Editions Aspects, 2015

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