Cultural sensitivity towards intangible values in monuments and sites - A comparison between Eastern Asian and Western countries

Fu, Chao-Ching (2005) Cultural sensitivity towards intangible values in monuments and sites - A comparison between Eastern Asian and Western countries. In: 15th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Monuments and sites in their setting - conserving cultural heritage in changing townscapes and landscapes’, 17 – 21 oct 2005, Xi'an, China. [Conference or Workshop Item]


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Abstract (in English)

As an index of the culture and society, monuments and sites are essential part of every country. From cultural point of view, countries of different cultures are idiosyncratic in terms of people’s sensitivity towards cultural heritage. In addition to the physical built form of the monuments and sites, intangible values are embedded in the deep layers of the monuments and sites. In the past, intangible values tended to be neglected by some people in the Eastern Asian countries. Such negligence has become one of the factors leading to the improper conservation or demolition of the cultural heritage. However, intangible values started to be re-appreciated in recent years in Eastern Asian countries. Scholars start to advocate that the conservation of monuments and sites based on both tangible and intangible values. Conservation of monuments and sites merely for the sake of their built form is being viewed with increasing skepticism. This paper will study the raising cultural sensitivity towards intangible values in Eastern Asian countries and a comparison between Eastern Asian and Western countries will also be made.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Fu, Chao-Ching
Languages: English
Keywords: conservation of monuments and sites; tangible values; intangible values; East Asia; Western countries; World Heritage properties
Subjects: M.WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 03. World Heritage List
K.LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES > 06. Doctrinal texts, conventions and charters
O.INTANGIBLE HERITAGE > 01. Generalities
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2005, 15th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2010 07:24
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2023 16:33
References: 1. 1972 UNESCO Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. Paris.

2. 1989 UNESCO Recommendation on the Safeguarding of Traditional Culture and Folklore. Paris.

3. 1997 UNESCO Proclamation of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. Paris.

4. 2003 UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Paris.

5. 2004 Yamato Declaration on Integrated Approaches for Safeguarding Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage. Nara.

6. Aplin, Graeme (2002) Heritage – Identification, Conservation, and Management. Victoria: University of Oxford Press.

7. Blake, Janet (2002) Developing a New Standard-setting Instrument for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage. Paris: UNESCO.

8. Fu, Chao-Ching (2002) International Historic Preservation and Building Conservation – Charters, Declarations, Resolutions and Recommendations, Tainan: National Center for Research and Preservation of Cultural Properties / Taiwan Architecture and Cultural Property Press, 2002.

9. Fu, Chao-Ching (2004), ‘The Validity of the Venice Charter and Authenticity in Cultural Heritage Conservation – A discourse on the values differences between Eastern and Western Cultures.’, International Symposium on the Venice Charter 1964-2004..

10. Jokilehto, Jukka, (1999) A History of Architectural Conservation, Oxford: Butterworth,

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