The Paradise of Gods and Men

Wang, Xiaoshi (2018) The Paradise of Gods and Men. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

The Mountain Resort of palaces and gardens at Chengde with its Outlying Temples is the largest existing imperial palace-garden and temple complex in China, which was built between 1703 and 1792 in Chengde of Hebei Province. By integrating elements of Han, Mongolian and Tibetan architectural art and culture the Outlying Temples crystallize the achievements of cultural exchanges and integration among different ethnic groups in the course of development of Chinese architecture. Important historical events of the Qing dynasty took place here, and the historical sites and objects have witnessed the consolidation and development of China as a unitary multi-ethnic state. The Mountain Resort and its Outlying Temples constitute a giant Mandala pattern, designed by Emperor Qianlong in Qing dynasty. It is not only the paradise of Tibetan Buddhism Sumeru, but also the democratic world of the various folk gods believed by the ethnic minorities; It is not only the political strategy of the stability of the frontier minority nationalities, but also the positive practice of the political ideals of the emperors and the people; It is not only a reflection of human understanding of the universe, but also a longing for a harmonious natural environment; It not only through the urban planning and design to establish a material space order, but also through the psychological guiding role at the same time to establish a human spiritual space.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Wang, XiaoshiUNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: cultural heritage; reconciliation; China; ethnicity; cultural exchange; integration; harmony; religion
Subjects: E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
L.PRESENTATION AND TRANSMISSION OF HERITAGE > 04. Public awareness
N.ANTHROPOLOGY > 03. Ethnology
O.INTANGIBLE HERITAGE > 04. Social practices, rituals and festive events
P. GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 04. Asia and Pacific islands
National Committee: ICOMOS
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 19th General Assembly, New Delhi, 2017
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2019 14:14
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2019 14:14
References: Qingzhou, W.(2000). Mandala and Buddhist culture. Beijing: Traditional Chinese Architecture and

Gardens. p. 31-33

Xiaomin, W. (1997). The Archetypal Retrieval and Reapplication of Tibetan Buddhist Architecture in the

Royal Palace in Qing Dynasty. Tianjin: Tianjin University.

Chuan, C. (2006) Jung's Spirit – A Myth of Hero and Sage. Haikou: Hainan Publishing House.
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/2004

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