Roman Nymphaeum in Amman - Restoration and Rehabilitation

Al Adarbeh, Nizar, El Khalili, Mohammed, Al Bawab, Abeer, Abdullah, Ramadan and Bianchini, Carlo (2019) Roman Nymphaeum in Amman - Restoration and Rehabilitation. Project Report. Deanship of Academic Research [1/2019]- The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan, 95p. ISBN 978-9957-420-09-3. [Book]

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Abstract (in English)

The Restoration and Rehabilitation Project of the Roman Nymphaeum in Amman provides an example of innovative management practice and applied methods in the revival of urban heritage and serves as an approach towards sustainable heritage preservation (also see Al Adarbeh et al. 2017 and El Khalili 2016). The Roman period Nymphaeum in Amman, considered to be the largest monument of its kind in ancient Provincia Arabia, had suffered from different deterioration factors that affected its state of conservation. This led to the monument being considered locally as an example of visual pollution in downtown Amman. Through a joint project with the Hamdi Mango Center for Scientific Research at the University of Jordan, the Department of Antiquities, and the Greater Amman Municipality, it was possible to preserve large areas of the site which needed urgent restoration and conservation. Forty-seven workers, technicians, and experts from the fields of conservation, cultural resource management, archaeology, tourism, and architecture were involved in the project and fifty on-job field training opportunities were offered for university students from fields of conservation, cultural resource management, chemistry, biology, tourism management, architecture, and urban planning. Students were mainly from the University of Jordan, Hashemite University, University of Petra, and Jordan University of Science and Technology. Advanced documentation for the site and surrounding area was undertaken using a 3D Laser Scanner, contributing to drawings of plans, elevations and sections used to document the monument’s state of conservation. Scattered architectural fragments at the site were numbered, photographed and drawn, and reorganized and presented in the site. A comprehensive cleaning of the whole monument was undertaken with different mechanical techniques using low pressure water pumps to remove deposits accumulated on the façade due to air pollution. Tools including small brushes were used to remove crusts and external crystalized salts, as well as any plants and fungi on the stone surface. Chemical cleaning using wet bandages was used on some parts of the monument. Consolidation included filling the joints in stone masonry with compatible mortar. In addition, chemical consolidation and suitable polymers were used for very fragile stones. For the first time in Jordan, nanotechnology was employed in the form of nano-calcium hydroxide injected in limited amounts into the stone. This penetrates and transforms the stone into calcium carbonate, consolidating delicate internal sections of the building. Some reconstruction of missing structural elements to safeguard the existing structure was carried out and enhanced its overall interpretation and presentation. The project successfully safeguarded the internal environment of the site including removal of non-site related structures and visual pollution, cleaning the front area of debris, landscaping and installing terraces compatible with the site which proved to be effective during winter season. The open areas and part of the basin of the Nymphaeum were covered with gravel to provide a unified look, enhance visitor circulation, and limit the possibility of vegetation growth. Preparations were made for nine fully illustrated bilingual site interpretive panels, a 3D printed reconstruction model of the Nymphaeum, and both online and printed promotion materials. In summary, this project is a new model for downtown Amman in the way it revives and transforms urban heritage into an open public space and provides opportunities as a cultural forum.

Item Type: Book (Project Report)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Al Adarbeh, Nizarnizar.aladarbeh@gmail.com
El Khalili, Mohammedmohd_elkhalili@yahoo.com
Al Bawab, Abeerabeerbawab@yahoo.com
Abdullah, Ramadanabdullah rmdnabdalla@gmail.com
Bianchini, Carlocarlo.bianchini@uniroma1.it
Languages: English
Keywords: Restoration; Rehabilitation; Heritage; revival
Subjects: E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 03. Monuments
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 12. Techniques
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 07. Management
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 08. Monitoring
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 10. Education and training
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 11. Legal protection and Administration
F.SCIENTIFIC TECHNIQUES AND METHODOLOGIES OF CONSERVATION > 04. Aerial photography
F.SCIENTIFIC TECHNIQUES AND METHODOLOGIES OF CONSERVATION > 06. Analysis of materials
F.SCIENTIFIC TECHNIQUES AND METHODOLOGIES OF CONSERVATION > 10. Architectural surveys
F.SCIENTIFIC TECHNIQUES AND METHODOLOGIES OF CONSERVATION > 25. Heritage documentation
G.DETERIORATION > 02. Causes of deterioration
G.DETERIORATION > 04. Effects of deterioration
G.DETERIORATION > 05. Prevention of deterioration
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 03. Archaeological sites
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 05. Heritage and sustainable development
L.PRESENTATION AND TRANSMISSION OF HERITAGE > 02. Interpretation
L.PRESENTATION AND TRANSMISSION OF HERITAGE > 03. Presentation
L.PRESENTATION AND TRANSMISSION OF HERITAGE > 04. Public awareness
L.PRESENTATION AND TRANSMISSION OF HERITAGE > 07. Education
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Roman Nymphaeum in Amman
Number of Pages: 95
ISBN: 978-9957-420-09-3
Depositing User: Mr Nizar Al Adarbeh
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2020 12:39
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2020 12:39
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/2351

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