Ars Memoria

Uskokovic, Sandra (2018) Ars Memoria. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

A view on the history and memory in former Yugoslavia is ranging from victimization through amnesia to nostalgia. What these opposing positions have in common is their failure to recognize the full complexity of the phenomenon of collective memory and of the region's history of struggle over concepts of identity, nation, conflict and reconciliation, and the contradictory lessons of the past. As well as the other states created after the fall of socialist Yugoslavia, Croatia has deployed national symbols strategically to promote favourable images of its heritage in “nation branding“ in order to create identity of difference. Heritage is the best example that in some ways always represents conditions of conflict in space, as the very tool and consequence of politics. For example, the reconstruction with the facsimile method of the Old Bridge in Mostar (that was destroyed in war conflict) was an attempt to reconcile the antagonism of divided city and unify it - what unfortunately did not ever happen. Therefore this “new-old” bridge that originally represented multinational identity of the city, represents today contested identity of the city and certainly did not help or enable post-conflict reconciliation. Nation state along with expert community actually produced “image of identity representation” using heritage as a social-political resource. There is too much memory on Balkans, too many pasts on which people can draw, usually as a weapon against the past of someone else. Cynicism and mistrust pervade all social, cultural and even personal exchanges so that the reconciliation is very difficult. There are multiple memories and historical myths that form powerful counter-histories of a mutually antagonistic and divisive nature. Destruction of heritage on Balkans (along with ethnic cleansing) should be viewed as a form of “construction”, which aided in the production of the new, exclusive and mono cultural identities.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uskokovic, Sandra
Languages: English
Keywords: conflict; reconciliation; identity; heritage; Yugoslavia; collective memory; history; nation branding; post-conflict; Balkans
Subjects: E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
G.DETERIORATION > 02. Causes of deterioration
K.LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES > 03. National/Regional legislations
National Committee: ICOMOS International
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 19th General Assembly, New Delhi, 2017
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2018 15:36
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2018 15:36
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