Urban Design Competition and Megaprojects in a Context of Identity of Cultural Heritage: Case Study Belgrade`s Riverfronts

Đukić, Aleksandra, Špirić, Ana and Vujičić, Tijana (2018) Urban Design Competition and Megaprojects in a Context of Identity of Cultural Heritage: Case Study Belgrade`s Riverfronts. In: Protection and Reuse of Industrial Heritage: Dilemmas, Problems, Examples. Monographic publications of ICOMOS Slovenia (2). ICOMOS Slovenia, Ljubljana, pp. 58-71. ISBN 978-961-288-673-8 [Book Section]

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Abstract (in English)

Industrial heritage sites that have lost their original function represent significant and valuable cultural heritage which is a part of the urban memory and material evidence of the past, with whose decay a city is losing a part of its history. This paper deals with the problem of preserving identity of industrial heritage sites in the process of sustainable urban regeneration. More precisely, paper deals with the problem of preserving tangible as well as intangible attributes of industrial heritage identity within a context of contemporary projects of urban regeneration. The significance of this problem lies within the contradiction between the industrial heritage sites as places intended for new urban functions in accordance with strategies of contemporary urban development and the industrial heritage sites as places with the inherited spatial, functional and cultural values important to the community. Therefore, the main planning task of sustainable regeneration is finding the balance between preservation and change of industrial heritage sites. In planning practice these changes are most often driven by economic and environmental interests, while cultural values as active components of material culture and urban memory of citizens are neglected. On the other hand, this problem arises from the ambiguous notion of industrial heritage identity, as well as from the lack of appropriate planning tools for identifying and analysing identity attributes that are valuable to preserve. The aim of this paper is to draw attention to the complexity of identity of industrial heritage stemming from the various tangible as well as intangible values of cultural heritage. The paper advocates for using the concept of place as a framework for identifying and investigating identity attributes of industrial heritage sites which contribute to decision making in the initial phase of planning process. The planning treatment of industrial heritage identity in the process of riverfronts regeneration is analysed on the example of urban design competitions and megaprojects in Belgrade. The riverfront regeneration has been initiated through a series of urban plans, projects and design competitions. Some of these plans are located within two planned urban megaprojects: “Danube port” and “Belgrade on water”. Analysis show that the imbalance between the ambitions of the city (authorities, professional associations) and current economic capabilities (overscale, expensive, not considering implementation in phases) is one of the main problems for the implementation of the plans and projects. This paper was presented during the 2nd International Symposium on Cultural Heritage and Legal Issues, organized in October 2015 by ICOMOS Slovenia with the support of the Council of Europe, the Institute for the Protection of Cultural heritage in Slovenia, the Slovenian Ministry of Culture and TICCIH Slovenia.

Item Type: Book Section
Đukić, Aleksandra
Špirić, Ana
Vujičić, Tijana
Languages: English
Keywords: industrial heritage; economical and social aspects; protection of industrial heritage; urban planning; Cultural significance; values; re-use; regeneration; methodology; cultural policy; community participation; revitalization; authenticity; theory of conservation; philosophy of conservation; urban design competition; rivers; architectural projects; riverfront; town planning; sustainability; sustainable development; Serbia
Subjects: A. THEORETICAL AND GENERAL ASPECTS > 02. Concept and definition
A. THEORETICAL AND GENERAL ASPECTS > 12. Theory of conservation
D.URBANISM > 02. Urban planning
D.URBANISM > 03. Town and country planning
D.URBANISM > 04. Rehabilitation
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 11. Legal protection and Administration
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 16. Industrial and technical heritage
K.LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES > 06. Doctrinal texts, conventions and charters
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Belgrade; Nizhny Tagil Charter for the Industrial Heritage
National Committee: Slovenia
Institutions & Partners: TICCIH
ICOMOS Special Collection: Monographic Publication of Icomos Slovenia
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2
Number: 2
ISBN: 978-961-288-673-8
Depositing User: ICOMOS DocCentre
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2019 15:19
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2023 09:47
URI: https://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/2136

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