Ulaanbaatar Ger area Cultural Heritage Tourism and Community Enhancement

Norov, Urtnasan (2018) Ulaanbaatar Ger area Cultural Heritage Tourism and Community Enhancement. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

Tangible and intangible heritage values have vital significance in increasing well-being and sustainable development of residents and serve as sense of place, and contribute to the distinctive, unique qualities and the image of cities. This accords to explicit cultural heritage target (target 11, 4) of the 15-year SDG of the Agenda 2030. Ulaanbaatar (UB), the capital city of Mongolia is an amazing combination of nomadic traditions and modern city’s life-style and heritage values. The city is divided in distinct parts: a formal urban core area and Ger (Mongolian conical dwelling of nomads) area. The Ger area’s population is estimated at 800,000 which equals to the 60% of the city’s population. Increasing migration to the UB city leads to over urbanization and over-centralization here. UB as an urban modern city has only about 70 year old history. During this period several development plans have been elaborated and implemented by Government and city’s authorities. Unfortunately, the inclusion of cultural heritage factors and consideration of cultural interests and needs of communities were usually ignored in its planning. However, recently, urgent needs were raised to change the planning paradigm of city’s development and consider possibilities of integration of heritage values and sustainable development in planning processes involving various stakeholders. In order to initiate the action in this direction, feasibility study in UB city has started under title “Ulaanbaatar Ger area cultural heritage, Tourism and Community Enhancement Project”. In this case study we try to identify both tangible and intangible values in the Ger areas, integrate them, and include the safeguarding and developing measures into planning of city’s development. The plan not only calls for the conservation cultural values but also for the sustainable development of the Ger areas and upgrading a livelihood for inhabitants by improving economic opportunities and social and cultural environment.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Norov, Urtnasan
Languages: English
Keywords: Mongolia; nomadic; tradition; urban; ger; development; community; cultural heritage; integration; sustainable; social; tangible; intangible
Subjects: D.URBANISM > 05. Legislation
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 17. Intangible cultural heritage
I.CULTURAL TOURISM > 02. Tourism management
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 05. Heritage and sustainable development
P. GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 04. Asia and Pacific islands
National Committee: ICOMOS International
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 19th General Assembly, New Delhi, 2017
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2018 17:26
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2019 15:09
References: 1. www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable (2017) Accessed Oct 30, 2017

2. Ганбаатар,ЛandНарангэрэл,Г (2016). Улаанбаатар хотын үл хөдлөх дурсгалын хадгалалт

хамгаалалтын хандлага. UB: Нийслэлийн Зураг төслийн хүрээлэн.p.84

3. Wuhan and tea road (2014): Wuhan planning and design institute.p.2
URI: https://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1942

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