Heritage for Peace

Agarwal, Sharmishtha (2018) Heritage for Peace. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

UNESCO constitution says, ‘Since war begins in the minds of men and women, it is in the minds of men and women that the defences of peace must be constructed’. Warfare is about destroying identity, self and to a larger extent, humanity. By targeting heritage, destruction of bridges, mosques, temples, churches and others, the assailant aims to cleave the connections to the past and vision into the future of the victims. Culture plays a central role in identifying the root cause of a conflict and facilitates in determining steps for ensuring everlasting peace and security. One of the biggest challenges we are facing today is to unite people to share a peaceful coexistence. Cultural heritage catalyzes social cohesion and reasons social exclusion and xenophobia. Ingress to cultural services and active participation in cultural activities allows the destitute and impecunious to conquer their adversities and partake in their inclusion in society. It is through cultural programs, one can foster respect and value of diversity, understanding of the “universal element” in all cultures, helping to “humanize” the other. Strategies should be multicultural and inclusive, promoting gender equality. In post conflict situations, cultural heritage becomes a tenacious means in restoring of communities, aiding them to regain a sense of normality and reconnect with their identities. Reconciliation strategies should be explored through cultural diplomacy. Cultural heritage promotes democratic values and induces tolerance. Increasing acceptance and understanding over cultural borders contributes to cultural freedom in a country, which is an important democratic value. It is through these measures that formalization of the community organization and the cooperation between Albanian and Serb craftsmen is seen in a Serbian enclave in Kosovo. These can be perceived as building blocks contributing to sustainable peace and democratic development.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Agarwal, Sharmishtha
Languages: English
Keywords: peace; reconciliation; conflict; identity; destruction; humanity; protection; coexistence; challenge; community; cultural heritage; tolerance; development; democracy; borders; destruction of cultural heritage; cultural significance; cultural identity; resilience; post-war situations
Subjects: E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 05. Heritage and sustainable development
O.INTANGIBLE HERITAGE > 05. Traditional craftsmanship
National Committee: ICOMOS International
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 19th General Assembly, New Delhi, 2017
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2019 16:09
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2019 16:09
References: 1. Leturcq, Jean-G., Heritage-making and Policies of Identity in the “Post-conflict Reconstruction”

of Sudan, Online since 31 December 2010, connection on 21 June 2017.

2. University of Chicago’s Cultural Policy Center and the Smithsonian Institution (2015),

Accounting for the Intangible in the Tangible: Implications for Cultural Heritage Protection in

Conflict Zones, Washington D.C.: Smithsonian Institution.

3. Timmermans, D. and Guerin U. (2015), Heritage for Peace and Reconciliation Safeguarding the

Underwater Cultural Heritage of the First World War, France: United Nations Educational,

Scientific and Cultural Organization.

4. Joint Research Institute for International Peace and Culture and Aoyama Gakuin University and

The Japan Foundation (2011), Conflict and Culture: Fostering Peace through Cultural Initiatives.

5. The Secretariat of the Directorate of Culture and Cultural and Natural Heritage (2011), The role

of culture and cultural heritage in conflict prevention, transformation, resolution and post-conflict

action: The Council of Europe Approach

6. www.brandeis.edu/go/CreateCoexistence

7. www.heritageforpeace.org

8. www.unesco.org/new/en/culture/resources/in-focus-articles/heritage-and-peace

9. https://publish.illinois.edu/iaslibrary/2015/11/02/cultural-heritage
URI: https://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/2006

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